Allergens and Intolerances

 

ALLERGENS

These products have followed the most stringent health checks and do not contain commonly allergic components. However please read the full composition on the packaging for added security since we can´t guarantee that you are not allergic to certain ingredients specifically. These products doesn´t contain Parabens and they hasn't been proved on animals as confirmed by the European Health Regulations. do not ingest the products since they have not been made for ingestion. Do not aply in eyes or genitals since the products have not been made for that purpose. If you ingest or apply the products in eyes or genitals, please go inmediately to the doctor.

 

IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR ALERGICS TO NATURAL LATEX: Some of the products that we list in the web contains Shea Butter. The shea butter has a very similar quimical composition to Natural Latex from the rubber tree. It is not exact but very similar, so if you are alergic to natural latex or you think you could be, please refer to component list at the box of the product to see if it has karité or not. Consult with your doctor before aplying the product. Se more about this.

 

ALLERGENS AND DESCRIPTION

An allergen is any substance that can cause an allergy. In technical terms, an allergen is an antigen capable of stimulating a type-I hypersensitivity reaction in atopic individuals through Immunoglobulin E (IgE) responses.[1]. Most humans mount significant Immunoglobulin E responses only as a defense against parasitic infections. However, some individuals may respond to many common environmental antigens. This hereditary predisposition is called atopy. In atopic individuals, non-parasitic antigens stimulate inappropriate IgE production, leading to type I hypersensitivity. Sensitivities vary widely from one person (or other animal) to another. A very broad range of substances can be allergens to sensitive individuals.

Types of Alergies

Allergens can be found in a variety of sources, such as dust mite excretion, pollen, pet dander or even royal jelly.[2] Food allergies are not as common as food sensitivity, but some foods such as peanuts (a legume), nuts, seafood and shellfish are the cause of serious allergies in many people. Officially, the United States Food and Drug Administration does recognize eight foods as being common for allergic reactions in a large segment of the sensitive population. These include peanuts, tree nuts, eggs, milk, shellfish, fish, wheat and their derivatives, and soy and their derivatives, as well as sulfites (chemical based, often found in flavors and colors in foods) at 10ppm and over. See the FDA website for complete details. It should be noted that other countries, in view of the differences in the genetic profiles of their citizens and different levels of exposure to specific foods due to different dietary habits, the "official" allergen list will change. Canada recognizes all eight of the allergens recognized by the US, and also recognizes sesame seeds,[3] and mustard.[4] The European Union additionally recognizes celery. Another type of allergen is urushiol, a resin produced by poison ivy and poison oak. It causes the skin rash condition known as urushiol-induced contact dermatitis by changing a skin cell's configuration so that it is no longer recognized by the immune system as part of the body. A little over half of North Americans are known to be allergic to urushiol and repeated exposure can increase one's sensitivity to the allergen.[citation needed] An allergic reaction can be caused by any form of direct contact with the allergen—consuming food or drink one is sensitive to (ingestion), breathing in pollen, perfume or pet dander (inhalation), or brushing a body part against an allergy-causing plant (direct contact, generally resulting in hives). Other common causes of serious allergy are wasp, fire ant and bee stings, penicillin, and latex. An extremely serious form of an allergic reaction is called anaphylaxis. One form of treatment is the administration of sterile epinephrine to the person experiencing anaphylaxis, which suppresses the body's overreaction to the allergen, and allows for the patient to be transported to a medical facility.

 

Fungal allergens

In 1952 basidiospores were described as being possible airborne allergens[5] and were linked to asthma in 1969.[6] Basidiospores are the dominant airborne fungal allergens. Fungal allergies are associated with seasonal asthma.[7][8] They are considered to be a major source of airborne allergens.[9] The basidospore family include mushrooms, rusts, smuts, brackets, and puffballs. The airborne spores from mushrooms reach levels comparable to those of mold and pollens. The levels of mushroom respiratory allergy are as high as 30 percent of those with allergic disorder, but it is believed to be less than 1 percent of food allergies.[10][11] Heavy rainfall (which increases fungal spore release) is associated with increased hospital admissions of children with asthma.[12] A study in New Zealand found that 22 percent of patients with respiratory allergic disorders tested positive for basidiospores allergies.[13] Mushroom spore allergies can cause either immediate allergic symptomatology or delayed allergic reactions. Those with asthma are more likely to have immediate allergic reactions and those with allergic rhinitis are more likely to have delayed allergic responses.[14] A study found that 27 percent of patients were allergic to basidiomycete mycelia extracts and 32 percent were allergic to basidiospore extracts, thus demonstrating the high incidence of fungal sensitisation in individuals with suspected allergies.[15] It has been found that of basidiomycete cap, mycelia, and spore extracts that spore extracts are the most reliable extract for diagnosing basidiomycete allergy.[16][17] In Canada, 8% of children attending allergy clinics were found to be allergic to Ganoderma, a basidiospore.[18] Pleurotus ostreatus,[19] cladosporium,[20] and calvatia cyathiformis are significant airborne spores.[9] Other significant fungal allergens include aspergillus and alternaria-penicillin families.[21] In India fomes pectinatis is a predominant air-borne allergen affecting up to 22 percent of patients with respiratory allergies.[22] Some fungal air-bourne allergens such as coprinus comatus are associated with worsening of eczematous skin lesions.[23] Children who are born during autumn months (during fungal spore season) are more likely to develop asthmatic symptoms later in life.

 

Allergy To Cosmetics

Cosmeticos
The purpose of cosmetics and toiletries is to make us look good and feel clean. They are used safely by millions of people of all ages worldwide. While many people have no problem, mild rashes and irritation may be quite common and under-recognised. Irritant and allergic reactions may occur. Irritant reactions reflect a damaging effect of the cosmetic or toiletry on the skin - an example would be the effect of too much soap or shampoo on the skin leading to chapping, dryness and soreness. Delicate areas of the body where the skin is naturally thinner such as the skin folds, face, and particularly the eyelids are most vulnerable to irritant reactions. Other sorts of cosmetic which can cause irritation include liquid foundation, mascaras, face masks, toners and anti-ageing creams. Some people suffer from a particularly sensitive skin and experience itching, burning or stinging within minutes of using a product. This is usually a form of irritation rather than allergy and is commoner in people with skin complaints such as rosacea and dermatitis. Allergic reactions involve the body's immune system which is meant to fight against infections, but occasionally get the wrong target, the so-called 'allergen'- in this case an ingredient of the cosmetic. In order to develop an allergy you have to be exposed to the allergen more than once, and usually repeatedly. This means that you can become allergic to something which you have been using for a long time without problem. What triggers the allergy process is unclear, but once developed, allergies like this are usually life-long. Allergic contact dermatitis appears as itchy, sore, red bumpy skin, which becomes flaky and dry. If you avoid further contact with the allergen it should improve within a week or so. It is worst where the offending product has been applied to the skin but can sometimes spread to other parts of the body. Allergic contact dermatitis is an example of a delayed-type allergy and the reaction may be not appear until several hours or even days after using the culprit product. This makes it difficult to identify what has caused the problem. Patch testing can help determine when your skin has become allergic to a specific external substance. It involves applying small amounts of allergen to the upper back under special dressings and observing the skin's reaction after several days. This sort of test requires special expertise and is usually performed in hospital by a dermatologist. When the allergen has been correctly identified, it should be possible to avoid future contact with it in cosmetics and toiletries as the EU has passed regulations for the mandatory ingredient labelling of these items. A simple method to find out if you could have an allergy to a cosmetic is to apply it to a 50 pence sized area of your elbow crease every morning and night for up to a week. This is called a repeat open application test. This type of test should not be done with things that you would usually wash off such as shampoos or shower gels, as these will simply irritate the skin. If redness and small bumps appear, it suggests you may be allergic to something the product. Patch tests are then important to pin point which substance or substances in the product are causing the allergic reaction. The most common ingredients in cosmetics which cause allergic reactions are fragrances and preservatives. There are many different types of fragrance and at the moment, they are all simply labelled as 'parfum'. Many cosmetics also contain plant extracts for fragrance and these are labelled individually. Plant extracts which may cause allergic reactions include tea tree oil, arnica, chamomile, citrus extracts, lavender and peppermint. Preservative chemicals are needed in most cosmetics and toiletries to stop them degrading and becoming contaminated. They often have long names e.g. methyldibromoglutaronitrile, imidazolidinyl urea, quaternium 15, methylchlorisothiazolinone. Hair dye is another common cause of allergic contact dermatitis, and this is almost always caused by phenylene diamine chemicals. Strong allergic reactions can develop to phenylene diamines causing a lot of swelling and redness of the face and neck as well as the scalp. This sort of allergy often affects people who have coloured their hair for years without any problem. As phenylene diamines are present in all permanent and semi-permanent chemical dyes, finding a substitute is not easy. Temporary hair colorants which last for about 6 washes do not contain phenylene diamines and may be a suitable alternative, although some people are also allergic to these. Other things which occasionally cause allergic reactions include nail varnish resin, sunscreens and lanolin. Do not be mislead by the description of products as 'hypoallergenic'or 'natural', as these can contain an array of common allergens. The management of suspected contact dermatitis involves temporarily stopping use of all cosmetics on the affected area and treating the skin with a steroid cream. A gentle soap substitute such as emulsifying ointment or an aqueous cream can be used instead of soap for washing and also left on the skin as a moisturiser. In most cases, a mild steroid is all that will be needed, and these can be bought from a pharmacist without prescription, but more severe reactions require medical attention and may need treatment with a short course of steroid tablets. When the reaction has settled, patch testing should be performed by a specialist in order to correctly identify the allergen, and minimise the chance of suffering another attack.